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Timeline
Timeline

I am making a claim from inside Canada and I am from a designated country of origin

Day 1: Your forms and eligibility interview

If you start a claim from inside Canada, you have to visit a Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) office. They will give you a list of forms to complete: You need to find legal help, get started on your Basis of Claim and CIC forms, and translate your travel and identity documents.

Once you are ready, return to the CIC Office with your completed forms and translated identity and travel documents. You will not have a deadline.

If your forms are properly completed, the CIC will set up an eligibility interview. This interview might happen on the same day you submit your forms, or you might be given an appointment.

For more information:

Day 1 to 20: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 30: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 30 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 30+: If your claim is denied

If you are from a designated country, you must apply for a judicial review of the decision by the Federal Court within 15 days. This is different from an appeal. Only a lawyer can assist you at the Federal Court.

Refugee:

I am making a claim from inside Canada and I am not from a designated country of origin

Day 1: Your forms and eligibility interview

If you start a claim from inside Canada, you have to visit a Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) office. They will give you a list of forms to complete: You need to find legal help, get started on your Basis of Claim and CIC forms, and translate your travel and identity documents.

Once you are ready, return to the CIC Office with your completed forms and translated identity and travel documents. You will not have a deadline.

If your forms are properly completed, the CIC will set up an eligibility interview. This interview might happen on the same day you submit your forms, or you might be given an appointment.

For more information:

Day 1 to 50: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Your identity and travel documents are due earlier. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 60: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 60 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 60+: Appeals

If your claim is denied, you will only have 15 days to appeal the decision, if you are eligible to appeal. There are two steps:
  • Apply for an appeal: 15 days after you receive your decision
  • Final arguments and documents due (“Perfection”): 30 days after you receive your decision

Refugee:

I am making a claim when I arrive in Canada and I am not from a designated country of origin

Day 1 to 15: The Basis of Claim (BOC) form

You will only have 15 days to complete your Basis of Claim (BOC) form. This begins as soon as your file is sent to the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), which usually happens on the day you arrive in Canada after your eligibility interview, but can happen up to three days later. At this stage, you need to:

Day 1 to 50: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Your identity and travel documents are due earlier. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 60: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 60 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 60+: Appeals

If your claim is denied, you will only have 15 days to appeal the decision, if you are eligible to appeal. There are two steps:
  • Apply for an appeal: 15 days after you receive your decision
  • Final arguments and documents due (“Perfection”): 30 days after you receive your decision

Refugee:

I am making a claim when I arrive in Canada and I am from a designated country of origin

Day 1 to 15: The Basis of Claim (BOC) form

You will only have 15 days to complete your Basis of Claim (BOC) form. This begins as soon as your file is sent to the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), which usually happens on the day you arrive in Canada after your eligibility interview, but can happen up to three days later. At this stage, you need to:

Day 1 to 35: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Your identity and travel documents are due earlier. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 45: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 45 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 45+: If your claim is denied

If you are from a designated country, you must apply for a judicial review of the decision by the Federal Court within 15 days of receiving a decision. This is different from an appeal. Only a lawyer can assist you at the Federal Court.

Refugee:

Timelines for your refugee claim: I am making a claim from inside Canada

If you are from one of the Designated Countries of Origin (DCOs), your refugee claim will be treated differently. Your hearing will be much sooner, and your rights will be affected.

Are you from any of the Designated Countries of Origin?

Yes, I am from a designated country of origin

No, I am not from a designated country of origin

Refugee:

Timelines for your refugee claim: I am making a claim when I arrive in Canada

If you are from one of the Designated Countries of Origin (DCOs), your refugee claim will be treated differently. Your hearing will be much sooner, and your rights will be affected.

Are you from any of the Designated Countries of Origin?

Yes, I am from a designated country of origin

No, I am not from a designated country of origin

Refugee:

Timelines for your refugee claim

The timeline for your claim depends on where you started your claim and what country you are from. If you are making a claim when you arrive at a Canadian land border, airport or a seaport, you will not have much time to complete your Basis of Claim (BOC) form and immigration forms. The timeline for starting a claim is very different if you are making a claim from inside Canada.

To help you learn what the timelines are, choose the situation that best describes how you are starting your refugee claim.

I am making a claim when I arrive at a Canadian border, airport or a seaport (Port of Entry (POE) claim).

I am already in Canada and will be making a claim from within the country (Inland claim).

Refugee:

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