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I am making a claim when I arrive in Canada and I am from a designated country of origin

Day 1 to 15: The Basis of Claim (BOC) form

You will only have 15 days to complete your Basis of Claim (BOC) form. This begins as soon as your file is sent to the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), which usually happens on the day you arrive in Canada after your eligibility interview, but can happen up to three days later. At this stage, you need to:

Day 1 to 35: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Your identity and travel documents are due earlier. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 45: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 45 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 45+: If your claim is denied

If you are from a designated country, you must apply for a judicial review of the decision by the Federal Court within 15 days of receiving a decision. This is different from an appeal. Only a lawyer can assist you at the Federal Court.