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I am making a claim when I arrive in Canada and I am not from a designated country of origin

Day 1 to 15: The Basis of Claim (BOC) form

You will only have 15 days to complete your Basis of Claim (BOC) form. This begins as soon as your file is sent to the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB), which usually happens on the day you arrive in Canada after your eligibility interview, but can happen up to three days later. At this stage, you need to:

Day 1 to 50: Your documents

Your personal documents will be due 10 days before your hearing. Your identity and travel documents are due earlier. Begin collecting your documents as soon as you start your claim.

Day 60: Your refugee hearing

You will only have 60 days to prepare for your refugee hearing, from the date your claim is sent to the IRB. The exact date of your hearing is on your “Notice to Appear.”

Day 60+: Appeals

If your claim is denied, you will only have 15 days to appeal the decision, if you are eligible to appeal. There are two steps:
  • Apply for an appeal: 15 days after you receive your decision
  • Final arguments and documents due (“Perfection”): 30 days after you receive your decision