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What is a surety?

A surety is a person who comes to court and promises to a judge or a justice of the peace to supervise an accused person while they are out on bail.

A surety also pledges or promises an amount of money to the court by signing a type of bond called a recognizance. By doing this, the surety risks losing some or all of the money they have promised to the court if the accused doesn’t follow one or more of the bail conditions or fails to show up to court when required.

A further definition of a surety can be found on the Ministry of the Attorney General’s website.